ACW Types, Pg 4
CSS RICHMOND CLASS
There are six ships considered to be in this class: Richmond,
Savannah, Raleigh, Chicora, Palmetto State and North Carolina.The
Thoroughbred kit includes parts to construct one of the first four in this
list. The last two are not included due to insufficient information.
USS MIANTONOMOH CLASS OF MONITORS
A total of four ships comprised this class of Union monitors:
Miantonomoh, Monadnock, Agamenticus and Tonawanda - akin to the powerful USS
Onondaga design. Only one in the class, the Monadnock, actually fired in
anger during the Civil War at the bombardment of Confederate Fort Fisher in
North Carolina. Her proficient gunnery was noted in several reports on the
battle and the subsequent capture of the fort effectively closed the last
port available to Confederate blockade runners and led to a quick end of the
war as all major supply lines to the outside were now cut. During the last
months of the war, Monadnock took part in operations at Charleston harbour -
which fell without her assistance, and in the James river as part of the
Union fleet before the fall of Richmond.
ELLET UNION RAM
This vessel represents the side wheel rams of the Union ram
fleet created by Army Colonel Charles Ellet Jr. as they first appeared at
the battle of Memphis on the Mississippi River in 1862. Those steamers
included Lancaster, Queen of the West, Monarch and Switzerland.
Switzerland's configuration was later changed by adding an enclosed upper
deck with guns.
The group of gunboats known largely as 'tinclads' consisted primarily
of civilian steamers, transports and other special purpose vessels purchased
by the government during the war. They were converted for military use on
western rivers and waterways. Patrolling river sections, maintaining supply
lines, protecting lines of communication, and even taking part in planned
combat operations were their main missions. No two were exactly alike due to
different dimensions, configurations of cabins, stacks, wheels etc and
varying armaments. A large number were stern wheelers. One common
characteristic to all was their shallow draft which allowed them to operate
in areas where heavier vessels could not go. Generally, bulkheads and
flooring were strengthened to withstand the added weight of heavy guns.
Extra timber and iron plate - usually one inch thick - were added to protect
key areas from enemy small arms fire. Types of guns carried included all
calibers from 12 pdr smoothbores up to larger 9" dahlgrens and large-bore
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More ACW types to be included with next site update.